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Updated on October 1, 2021

Farmapram: Uses, Side Effects, Abuse & Addiction

What is Farmapram? What is it Called in the U.S.?

Farmapram is a short-acting benzodiazepine drug. It is used to treat anxiety and panic disorders.

Benzodiazepines (benzos) depress the central nervous system, which calms the brain. Benzos are also known as sedatives or minor tranquilizers.

In the United States, Farmapram is known by its generic name alprazolam. It is sold under the brand name Xanax

The name Farmapram is well-known in Mexico. It is a Schedule IV controlled substance that causes physical dependence.

Difference Between Xanax and Farmapram

When it comes to function, there is no difference between these drugs. Xanax and Farmapram both contain the active ingredient alprazolam.

The difference between the two lies in their:

  • Country of origin: Xanax is from the United States, while Farmapram is from Mexico.
  • Manufacturer: Xanax is manufactured by Pfizer, while Farmapram is produced by Ifa Celtics.

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Dosage & How To Take Farmapram

Farmapram comes in immediate-release and extended-release tablets. The dosage depends on two things:

  • Patient's age
  • Patient's diagnosis

For an adult with anxiety, the suggested dosage is: 

  • 0.25-0.5 mg of an immediate-release tablet 
  • Three times a day 
  • A maximum daily dose of 4 mg

For elderly patients with anxiety, the suggested dosage is:

  • 0.25 mg of an immediate-release tablet
  • Two to three times per day

For an adult with panic disorder, the suggested dosage is:

  • 0.5 mg of an immediate-release tablet 
  • Three times a day
  • A maximum daily dose of 10 mg

For extended-release tablets, the usual starting dose is 0.5-1 mg once a day. The maintenance dose is 3-6 mg, taken in the morning.

For elderly patients with panic disorder, the usual dose is:

  • 0.25 mg of an immediate-release tablet
  • Twice a day

For extended-release tablets, 0.5 mg should be taken once a day.

When taking Farmapram, take note of the following:

  • Immediate-release tablets should be allowed to dissolve in your mouth. Do not chew.
  • Extended-release tablets should not be crushed, chewed, or broken. Swallow it whole.
  • If you missed a dose, take it as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it's almost time for the next scheduled dose.
  • Do not take an extra dose to make up for the missed dose.

Benefits of Farmapram

Farmapram offers benefits when taken according to a doctor's prescription.  

It works for people suffering from panic attacks and anxiety. It calms them down and relieves anxious feelings after taking the drug.

Farmapram is known for its quick onset of action. The effects are felt in as short as 30 minutes, lasting up to six hours.

Aside from anxiety and panic disorders, Farmapram is used to treat:

  • Agoraphobia
  • Chemotherapy-induced vomiting or nausea
  • Depression
  • Insomnia
  • Neurosis
  • Social phobias
  • Stress disorders

Side Effects and Warnings

Using Farmapram can cause numerous side effects. While some aren't life-threatening, other side effects may require medical attention.

Common side effects of Farmapram include:

  • Excessive talking
  • Decreased libido
  • Decreased motivation
  • Dry mouth
  • Hypersalivation
  • Irritability
  • Nausea
  • Shortness of breath or dyspnea
  • Somnolence

Serious side effects of Farmapram include:

  • Confusion
  • Depression
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Hallucinations
  • Having strange dreams
  • Memory problems
  • Paranoia
  • Seizures
  • Slurred speech

Take note of the following warnings when taking Farmapram:

  • Farmapram is habit-forming. Use only as prescribed.
  • Do not take Farmapram in larger amounts or longer than prescribed.
  • Tell your doctor if Farmapram has stopped working for you.
  • Do not share your medicine with other people.
  • Farmapram misuse can lead to addiction, overdose, or death.
  • The law prohibits the illegal selling and distributing of Farmapram.

Who Shouldn't Take Farmapram?

You should not take Farmapram if you have been diagnosed with narrow-angle glaucoma. 

Also, do not take the drug if you are on ketoconazole or itraconazole or are allergic to any benzodiazepines.

Lastly, Farmapram is not recommended for those who are pregnant or breastfeeding (it passes through breast milk).

Before taking Farmapram, tell your doctor if:

  • You have a history of depression
  • You have a history of suicidal thoughts or behavior
  • You have a history of alcohol or drug addiction
  • You have asthma (or other breathing problems)
  • You have epilepsy or seizures
  • You have kidney disease
  • You have liver disease
  • You have open-angle glaucoma
  • You are taking an opioid or narcotic medication
  • You are currently taking over-the-counter medicines or a prescription cough medicine

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How Long Does Farmapram Last?

A drug's half-life determines how long it lasts in the body. It is the length of time for half of the drug to be eliminated.

In healthy adults, Farmapram's half-life is approximately 11 hours

However, drug metabolism is different for everyone. This means that a drug's half-life varies from person to person.

Several factors affect Farmapram metabolism. These include:

  • Age
  • Body weight
  • Diet
  • Dosage
  • Interaction with food and other drugs
  • Genetics
  • Liver function
  • Overall health

For most people, Farmapram is fully eliminated in 2 to 4 days. However, the sedative effects may no longer be felt before complete elimination. 

Medications that slow down Farmapram elimination include:

  • Azole antifungals (such as itraconazole and ketoconazole)
  • Birth control pills
  • Fluvoxamine, a drug for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
  • Macrolide antibiotics (such as clarithromycin and erythromycin)
  • Propoxyphene, an opioid
  • Serzone (nefazodone), an antidepressant
  • Tagamet (cimetidine), for heartburn

Tests are usually done in urine, blood, saliva, and hair. Drug detection times vary. Here's a guideline:

Urine Detectable up to five days after the last dosage.
Blood Detectable up to five days after the last dosage.
Saliva Detectable up to 2 1/2 days after the last dosage.
Hair Detectable up to three months after the last dosage.

Symptoms of Farmapram Addiction

Some people do not recognize a drug problem. This is why it's important to be aware of the signs and symptoms of addiction.

Some of the most common symptoms of Farmapram addiction are:

  • Being unable to discuss drug use without becoming defensive
  • Continuous drug usage despite the presence of harm and danger
  • Inability to control or stop drug use despite wanting to do so
  • Giving up once enjoyed activities in favor of Farmapram use
  • Making up excuses just to use the drug
  • Needing a higher dosage to achieve the same effect
  • Neglect of personal and professional responsibilities and commitments
  • Not following doctor's prescription regarding usage
  • Not eating
  • Secretive behavior
  • Unusual risk-taking behavior

If you or a loved one is showing Farmapram addiction symptoms, seek help. It is crucial to get treatment as soon as possible.

Quitting cold turkey and doing it alone causes withdrawal symptoms. This can do more harm than good and may even cause death.

Common Farmapram withdrawal symptoms include:

  • Abdominal cramps
  • Behavioral changes
  • Concentration problems
  • Feeling empty or sad
  • Irritability
  • Jerking or uncontrolled muscle movements
  • Loss of appetite, interest, or pleasure
  • Nausea
  • Seizures
  • Shaking, twitching, or trembling
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Sweating
  • Visual or auditory hallucinations
  • Vomiting

Treatment for Farmapram Addiction

There are several treatment options available for Farmapram addiction. However, detox is the first step in the treatment process.

A trained healthcare provider should supervise detox. This is because the patient usually struggles with withdrawal symptoms.

Medical professionals usually make dose adjustments during detox. This is to lessen withdrawal severity.

Patients who completed medical detox can then move on to further treatment, such as:

  • Inpatient treatment programs
  • Outpatient treatment program
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)

Address Your Addiction

Don't let addiction control you. Give yourself the power to get help for your addiction today.

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Resources

MORE
LESS

"Pharmacokinetics." American Association for Clinical Chemistry.

Gibson G.G., Skett P. (1986) "Factors affecting drug metabolism: internal factors." Introduction to Drug Metabolism. Springer, Boston, MA. 

"Alprazolam." Medline Plus, U.S. National Library of Medicine.

George TT, Tripp J. “Alprazolam.” [Updated 2021 Jul 19]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2021 Jan.

"Alprazolam (Xanax)." National Alliance on Mental Illness.

Ait-Daoud, Nassima et al. “A Review of Alprazolam Use, Misuse, and Withdrawal.” Journal of addiction medicine vol. 12,1 (2018): 4-10.

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Snorting Xanax: Effects & Dangers

Benzodiazepines

Buspirone vs Xanax

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