In This Article
What is Azithromycin?
Azithromycin is an FDA approved macrolide antibiotic medication. It is used to treat many different types of bacterial infections. It is one of the most common antibiotics prescribed by doctors and can be used to treat several conditions, including:
- Ear infections
- Strep throat
- Traveler’s diarrhea
- Sinus infections
- Genital ulcer disease
- Legionnaires’ disease
- Whooping cough
Azithromycin is typically a short-term antibiotic, but it can also be used longer-term as a preventative treatment. It can be used to improve control over chest symptoms and exacerbations (lung attacks). It is a prescription-only drug and is available in capsule, tablet, oral liquid, or injection form. However, injections are typically only administered in the hospital.
This medicine is usually taken once a day, at the same time each day. Typically, capsules should be taken at least one hour before eating or two hours after ingesting any food.
Most infections should clear within a few days of beginning treatment with azithromycin. However, the full course of medicine should still be taken to prevent any recurring infections or drug resistance.
Azithromycin is sold under the brand name Zithromax, and it is chemically similar to both erythromycin and clarithromycin.
Side Effects of Azithromycin
Possible side effects of azithromycin include:
- Upset stomach
- Diarrhea or loose stools
- Stomach/abdominal pain
- Potential allergic reactions
In rare cases, serious side effects can occur, such as:
- Irregular heart rhythm (irregular heartbeat)
- Liver problems
- Liver damage
- Muscle weakness
- Eye problems
- Loss of consciousness
Contact a healthcare professional if you experience any severe adverse effects after taking this medication.
Is Azithromycin Addictive?
Despite the fact that it is only available with a doctor’s prescription, azithromycin is not addictive. It has no narcotic effects and does not affect your ability to drive a vehicle, operate machinery, or do anything else that requires alertness. The potential to abuse azithromycin is negligible.
Can You Drink Alcohol With Azithromycin?
Azithromycin is generally a safe drug on its own. There are no serious dangers associated with drinking alcohol while taking this medication.
However, if you drink alcohol while taking azithromycin, it could intensify side effects already experienced from taking this medicine. Keep in mind that a typical course of treatment with azithromycin is not very long. It is best to avoid using alcohol while taking this medication.
Drinking any alcohol while fighting an infection is not advised. Alcohol can lead to dehydration, poor sleep, and may ultimately hinder the body’s natural body to heal itself.
How Long Does Azithromycin Stay in Your System?
Azithromycin generally stays in your system for a little longer than two weeks (15.5 days, on average) after your final dose. This antibiotic has a reasonably long elimination half-life of 68 hours. This is thought to be prolonged due to the extensive uptake and subsequent slow release of azithromycin stored in tissues within the body.
Given the relatively harmless interaction with alcohol, there is not an elevated risk of side effects if you choose to drink alcohol before this two week period ends.
Side Effects of Azithromycin and Alcohol
Side effects from taking azithromycin and drinking alcohol are typically the same as those experienced by taking either substance alone. Azithromycin can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Similarly, alcohol can cause these symptoms as well as irritate the stomach lining. This increases the production of stomach acid as more alcohol is consumed.
These effects, combined with the gastrointestinal effects commonly associated with azithromycin, can significantly increase the risk of an upset stomach, vomiting, and diarrhea.
Risks of Mixing Azithromycin and Alcohol
While there are typically no severe side effects from mixing alcohol and azithromycin, there are still risks involved with combining these substances. Both substances can cause diarrhea, and the resulting water loss and electrolyte imbalance in the body can be harmful to your health.
Additionally, both substances can cause vomiting, leading to a tricky situation if a person vomits soon after taking the medication. If this happens, you should call a doctor to assess whether this would count as a missed dose, and you would need to take another one.
There are other risks as well, including:
- Not allowing your body to properly heal by subjecting it to the effects of alcohol
- Missing doses due to becoming intoxicated and forgetting, and potentially failing to finish the full course of treatment
- Making the treatment less effective (even though alcohol does not directly hinder azithromycin from working, it can reduce the body’s natural immune system response and slow down recovery time)
Treatment Options for Alcohol Abuse & Addiction
- Inpatient Programs — Inpatient treatment is the option for alcohol addiction treatment. These intensive programs are usually 30, 60, or 90 days but can be longer in certain cases. Throughout the duration of your stay at an inpatient rehab facility, you will live on site is a safe, substance-free environment. You will go through medically supervised detoxification first, then behavioral therapy and other services will be added to your regimen. Most programs will will help you set up an aftercare program upon completion.
- Partial Hospitalization Programs (PHPs) — Partial hospitalization programs (also called intensive outpatient programs, or IOPs) are comparable to inpatient programs, but you return home after each session. Some PHPs provide food and transportation, but this varies by program. Their services may include detoxification, medical services, behavioral therapy, support groups, and other holistic or custom treatments. PHPs accept new patients, along with patients who have completed an inpatient treatment program and still require intensive care.
- Outpatient Programs — Outpatient programs are less intensive and offer a more flexible treatment schedule. They are best for people who have responsibilities at work, home, or school and are highly motivated to achieve sobriety. Outpatient treatment programs customize your treatment sessions around your personal schedule. Outpatient programs can help new patients achieve success, and may also be a part of aftercare program once a patient completes an inpatient or PHP.
- Medication-Assisted Therapy (MAT) — Certain patients with Alcohol Use Disorder will qualify for medication-assisted therapy. Medications can help you detoxify, reduce cravings, and normalize bodily functions. Disulfiram (Antabuse), acamprosate (Campral), and naltrexone (Revia and Vivitrol) are the most common medications used to treat Alcohol Use Disorder. MAT is most effective when combined with other treatment therapies.
- Support Groups — Support groups are peer-led groups that help people stay sober. They can be a first step in overcoming alcoholism or a component of an aftercare plan. Many of them follow the 12-step approach, however there are secular options that don't follow the 12-step approach as well.