Adderall is a prescription stimulant medication. It contains two drugs: amphetamine and dextroamphetamine.
Adderall is most commonly used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. The medication helps increase daytime wakefulness in people with ADHD and related conditions.
Adderall is usually the first-choice treatment option for ADHD. It improves attention and focus and reduces impulsive behaviors.
Between 75 and 80 percent of children with ADHD will experience improved symptoms with stimulants like Adderall.
Adderall is available in two forms:
Adderall is addictive and has similar effects as meth. Not everyone who takes Adderall will develop an addiction, but people using it regularly at prescribed doses are at high risk of addiction. Adderall use is popular among young adults like college and high school students.
In time, those consistently using Adderall develop a tolerance to the prescription drug and cannot function normally without it.
Adderall can boost the levels of some of the brain’s chemical messengers. These messengers include norepinephrine, epinephrine (adrenaline), and dopamine. They are partially responsible for making people feel good by increasing pleasure.
These messengers also prepare the body for anything that may come its way by boosting alertness and activating the fight-or-flight response. These effects may be desirable to some people, and someone using Adderall may want to keep recreating these positive feelings.
Adderall tablets or capsules are often crushed and then snorted. Snorting ADHD medications that have an extended-release format like Adderall XR like this bypasses the way the medicine is supposed to be slowly released over a specific timeframe.
Instead, snorting Adderall sends the drug straight into the bloodstream at once.
Rehab facilities are open and accepting new patients
Many people snort Adderall to achieve a more ‘rapid high.’ When snorted, users experience the impacts of its effects almost immediately.
Snorting Adderall may lead the effects to hit the user all at once rather than last throughout the day.
When you snort Adderall, the brain may become overwhelmed with the drug's amount suddenly in its system. The brain may not be able to break down the drug safely.
This may lead to stroke, heart attack, or death without urgent medical treatment.
In addition to the risk of an Adderall overdose, there are many other hazards to snorting Adderall.
Side effects of Adderall include:
If you snort Adderall regularly, physical dependence to the drug can form. When use stops, withdrawal symptoms may occur.
Withdrawal symptoms of Adderall use may include:
In many cases, withdrawal symptoms provide the opposite experience of an Adderall ‘high.’ Drug cravings and the wish to avoid withdrawal symptoms may lead to drug-seeking behaviors and consistent Adderall use.
Snorting Adderall may result in an increased risk for developing an addiction to the drug. This is because it sends the drug into the brain faster. When Adderall is snorted, the chemical changes develop more quickly than they would if the drug was swallowed.
When used as prescribed, Adderall may be beneficial for individuals experiencing ADHD. But, when snorted and used outside of a medicinal purpose, it can be dangerous. Adderall misuse can potentially lead to a life-threatening overdose or other problems.
One of the primary high potential dangers of snorting or using Adderall is an overdose. An Adderall overdose can result in coma, brain damage, or even sudden death. The stimulant nature of the amphetamine in Adderall raises the heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and respiration rates.
Prescription stimulants like Adderall also change brain chemistry related to:
Signs and symptoms of an Adderall overdose include:
Taking high doses of Adderall can also affect the heart rhythm. This may lead to an irregular heartbeat. It can also cause a heart attack.
Anyone who suspects that they or another person are experiencing an Adderall overdose should call 911 or seek emergency medical help immediately.
While waiting for emergency staff, it is useful to gather the following information:
You must be honest with the doctors and first responders. Withholding crucial information about a person’s state can put their life in danger. This includes whether they have consumed any illegal substances.
The medical professionals will do their best to minimize the damage of an Adderall overdose and lessen the risk of life-threatening complications. To do so, they need all the information available.
If someone may be experiencing an overdose, you must not wait for them to ‘sleep it off’ or make them vomit up the rest of the medicine without speaking to the medical staff first.
The following signs are linked with Adderall use or addiction:
There are no approved medications to treat an Adderall addiction. Instead, addiction treatment involves supervising a patient as they experience the detox process.
Withdrawal from stimulant drugs like Adderall can be highly uncomfortable and challenging. Your doctor will refer you to an outpatient or inpatient rehab treatment center or a healthcare detox facility.
During rehab, medical professionals will aid you through the withdrawal process and make it easier to manage any withdrawal symptoms. It is not recommended that you stop using Adderall cold turkey.
Instead, your doctor will slowly reduce the dosage under medical supervision. This is called tapering.
Typically, the steps for treating an Adderall addiction include:
The last step may include attending ongoing individual and group psychotherapy performed by licensed therapists. Doctors and therapists at the rehab treatment center will help you learn how to live your best life without Adderall. They can help you discover new, healthy coping skills.
If you or a loved one suffer from Adderall substance use issues, you must seek professional help as soon as possible.
You don’t have to overcome your addiction alone. Professional guidance and support is available. Begin a life of recovery by reaching out to a specialist today.
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