Pliva 434 Pill: Trazodone Hydrochloride
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What is Pliva 434/443 (Trazodone Hydrochloride)?
Pliva 434 is a 100 mg dose of trazodone hydrochloride. On the other hand, Pliva 433 is only 50 mg. Both drugs are a sedative that belongs to the drug class phenylpiperazine antidepressants.
Trazodone hydrochloride is an FDA-approved, generic medication. It's often used to treat depression and major depressive disorder (MDD).
Healthcare professionals may prescribe these drugs when other therapeutic options are unsuitable. Common pill imprints of the drug include:
Trazodone Hydrochloride 100 mg:
Trazodone Hydrochloride 50 mg:
Trazodone Hydrochloride 300 mg:
Trazodone Hydrochloride 150 mg:
How Does Pliva 434/433 Work?
Pliva 434 and 433 are serotonin receptor antagonist and reuptake inhibitors (SARIs). This means that these drugs help increase the production of serotonin in the brain to restor mental balance.
Serotonin is a neurotransmitter produced in the brain that helps deliver nerve signals. It's responsible for good moods and happiness.
These drugs are more commonly known by brand names like:
- Desyrel Dividose®
Pliva 434 and 433 are available as oral tablets and extended-release tablets. These tablets should be stored in room temperature.
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Who is At Risk When Using Pliva 434/433?
Individuals who have a personal or family medical history of the following should let their doctors know first before taking this drug:
- Bipolar disorder
- Heart disease (including heart attacks or irregular heartbeat)
- Glaucoma (angle-closure type)
- Blood pressure issues
- Suicide attempts
- Liver or kidney disease
- Bleeding disorder
- Seizures or epilepsy
What Does Pliva 434/433 Do to You?
Pliva 434 & 433 does not cure depression. It cannot change your personality or make you feel euphorically happy. It can only help manage symptoms of depression.
Generally, these drugs won't take full effect until two weeks have passed. You should continue to follow the doctor's prescription to ensure treatment efficacy.
You feel tired during the first few days of taking trazodone. Once the drug has taken effect, you will have less anxiety and better sleep.
Other Uses for Trazodone Hydrochloride
Because of its sedative effects, Pliva 434 and 433 can be used to treat other health conditions, such as:
Health care professionals recommend taking the medication around bedtime. This can help you avoid feeling drowsy during the day.
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Does Pliva 434/433 Feel Like Xanax?
Although Xanax is similar to trazodone, they are different drugs. While trazodone is an antidepressant, Xanax is a benzodiazepine anti-anxiety drug.
Benzodiazepine drugs increase activity at receptors in your brain, known as GABA receptors. This process slows down your central nervous system (CNS), helping you feel calmer and relaxed.
Another main difference is that Xanax and other benzodiazepines can be addictive. On the other hand, trazodone is not.
Side Effects of Pliva 434/433
Pliva 434 and 433 can cause common side effects. Adverse effects include:
- Dry mouth
- Tiredness or weakness
- Unsteady gait
- Difficulty concentrating or remembering
- Pain in the muscles
- Stuffy nose
- Allergic reaction
- Changes in libido
When Should You See a Doctor?
Seek medical attention if trazodone causes serious conditions, such as:
- Chest Pain
- Dyspnea (shortness of breath)
- Unusual bruising or bleeding
It is important to speak to a healthcare professional about the full risks and benefits of Pliva 434 and 433, especially in younger individuals. The drug has been reported to increase suicidal thinking at the beginning of treatment or when dosing changes occur.
Other Potential Risks of Pliva 434/433
Other health risks that have been associated with the use of trazodone hydrochloride include:
- Priapism: Long-lasting erections
- Mania or hypomania: Extended period of mood disturbance involving abnormal amounts of energy and hyperactivity
- QT prolongation: An electrical disturbance in the heart that can trigger tachycardia
- Trouble sleeping
- Decreased heart beat and an arrhythmia
If you notice new or worsening symptoms, call your doctor as soon as possible.
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Trazodone Hydrochloride Warnings
Trazodone hydrochloride has a Food and Drug Administration boxed warning. This is the highest level of warning from the FDA. A boxed warning indicates potential dangerous drug effects.
These effects may include:
Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors
Antidepressant medications, including trazodone hydrochloride, can increase suicidal thoughts or behaviors. The risk is increased in: pediatric, teen, and young adult patients.
- Pediatric patients
- Teenage patients
- Young adult patients
Suicidal thoughts or behaviors are most common during the first few months of treatment or after changing doses. Because of this, trazodone hydrochloride is not approved for pediatric patients.
Trazodone hydrochloride can cause serotonin syndrome, which results from excessive amounts of serotonin in the body. This is a life-threatening condition that can cause:
- Confusion (difficulty thinking)
- Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea
- Muscle twitching
- Increased heart rate
- High or low blood pressure
Serotonin syndrome is more likely to occur if you mix pliva 434/433 with other serotonergic drugs.
Trazodone Drug Interactions
Pliva 434 and 433 can interact with other medications. Talking to your doctor about any prescription drugs you may be taking before taking trazodone hydrochloride is important.
Combinding the drug with other substances can cause unwanted and serious side effects. Here are some drugs that can interact with trazodone hydrochloride:
Using serotonergic drugs while taking trazodone hydrochloride increases the risk of developing serotonin syndrome. These types of drugs include:
- St. John’s Wort
- Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOI or MAO inhibitors)
Aspirin, NSAIDs, Antiplatelet and Anticoagulant drugs
When you take trazodone hydrochloride and one of these drugs, the risk of bleeding increases. Combinding these drugs can also interfere with serotonin reuptake, the process where nerve cells reuse serotonin.
Macrolide antibiotics, including erythromycin are commonly used to treat infections like:
However, it can also affect the removal of trazodone from your body. This can affect how your body responds to pliva 434 and 433.
Seizure or epilepsy medication like phenytoin can result in:
- Increased dizziness
- Increased drowsiness
- Difficulty concentrating
Trazodone intake may increase digoxin levels in the body, leading to serious side effects and toxicity. These include:
- Vision problems
- Irregular heart rate
These drugs may worsen the drowsiness effect caused by trazodone hydrochloride. Examples of such medications include:
- Sleeping pills
Mixing trazodone with diuretics can cause you to urinate more which can lead to hyponatremia. This can lower your blood sodium to abnormally low levels.
Medicines for Migraines and Headaches
Migraine and headache medicationcan increase serotonin levels in the blood and can cause severe hypertension and increased heart rate which can be life threatening. These drugs include:
How Long Does Pliva 434/433 Stay In Your System?
When individuals complete treatment with trazodone hydrochloride, it is important not to take MAOI within two weeks. Trazodone hydrochloride can still have some physiological effects on the body. When in doubt, it is best to seek medical advice to ensure a safe treatment.
Is Pliva 434/433 Addictive?
In clinical studies with trazodone hydrochloride, investigators did not find drug-seeking behavior in individuals using the medication. Additionally, the United States Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) does not classify trazodone hydrochloride as a controlled substance.
This suggests that trazodone hydrochloride has little to no potential for misuse and dependence. However, you may experience additional side effects if you stop taking it suddenly.
To prevent additional side effects, speak with your doctor about coming off Trazodone. They will explain how to reduce your dose gradually and safely.
Can You Overdose on Pliva 434/433
Some cases of death from an overdose have been reported when the drug was ingested with other central nervous systems (CNS) depressants. If you suspect an overdose, seek medical help immediately.
CNS depressants can include:
- Narcotic pain medications
Trazodone Withdrawal Symptoms and Detox
People who abuse Trazodone can develop a physical dependence on the substance. Medical detox is necessary to help these patients manage withdrawal symptoms. While the body can correct this on its own, it often comes with uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms.
Experiencing withdrawal symptoms from Trazodone does not always mean someone is addicted to the drug. But it does suggest physical dependency on the medicine.
Symptoms of Trazodone withdrawal include:
- Dizziness or lightheadedness
- Shock-like sensations
- Suicidal Thoughts
- Vertigo or issues walking
- Difficulties concentrating
Trazodone Hydrochloride Statistics
Estimated number of prescriptions of trazodone hydrochloride in the U.S.
Average total drug cost for trazodone hydrochloride.
Average out-of-pocket costs for trazodone hydrochloride.
Treatment for Trazodone Abuse
People who abuse Trazodone are highly likely to be using other substances. Because of this, it is essential to identify other drugs that may link with their Trazodone abuse.
This requires an exhaustive assessment of the individual and the development of an addiction treatment program. An addiction treatment program for Trazodone abuse may include the following:
- Medical detox: Medically supervised detox used to avoid harmful withdrawal effects
- Inpatient treatment: Involves checking yourself into a rehab facility for 24-hour medical supervision
- Outpatient treatment: A treatment program where patients are freely allowed to leave the rehab facility
- Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT): A short-term therapy technique that explores the link between thought patterns and addiction
- Dual-diagnosis treatment: A treatment program that addresses substance use disorders alongside co-occurring disorders
- 12-step programs: A support group designed to help guide you through the recovery process and maintain sobriety
What to Discuss With Your Healthcare Provider Before Taking Pliva 434
Are trazodone and Xanax the same thing?
No. Trazodone is an antidepressant, while Xanax is a benzodiazepine. Benzodiazepines are controlled substances under the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency. This means that Xanax, unlike Trazodone, has a much higher potential of misuse and abuse. Also, Xanax helps to treat panic disorders, including panic attacks or anxiety. Xanax would not be a suitable option for depression.
Does trazodone work right away for sleep?
For those who are taking trazodone for insomnia, doctors will recommend taking the drug during bedtime. Because trazodone causes drowsiness, which may extend even a day after you took the pill, you must practice caution, especially in activities that require alertness.
Trazodone is not approved as a sleeping pill, but its side-effect of increased sleepiness is the reason why it may help you fall asleep.
How long do you sleep on trazodone?
Trazodone helps provide a better night’s rest by letting individuals sleep approximately 7 to 8 hours.
Does Trazodone affect memory?
Trazodone may affect memory. A side effect reported in people taking the drug is difficulty concentrating or remembering.
What happens if I miss a dose?
There is no problem when it comes to a missed dose. Individuals just need to take the dose as soon as they remember (assuming that it is not close in time to the next dose).
Individuals should remember to avoid taking a double dose of the drug.
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- “DailyMed - TRAZODONE HYDROCHLORIDE Tablet.” U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
- “Trazadone.” NHS Choices, NHS, 2018.
- “Trazodone: MedlinePlus Drug Information.” MedlinePlus, U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2017.
- Kane, S. “Trazodone Hydrochloride.” Trazodone Hydrochloride - Drug Usage Statistics, ClinCalc DrugStats Database, 2018.
- Shin JJ. & Saadabadi A. "Trazodone." Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing, 2022.
- Jaffer et al. "Trazodone for Insomnia: A Systematic Review." Innov Clin Neurosci, 2017.