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What is Tylenol with Codeine #3?
Tylenol with codeine #3, more commonly known as Tylenol 3, is an acetaminophen-based drug used to treat severe or moderate pain. Tylenol 3 contains 300mg of acetaminophen and 30mg of codeine per tablet.
Acetaminophen is a non-opiate, non-salicylate analgesic used in regular strength Tylenol and similar generic name pain relievers. Codeine, however, is an opioid narcotic analgesic and antitussive. The addition of codeine to the acetaminophen base makes Tylenol 3 a schedule III controlled substance.
A prescription is needed to obtain brand name Tylenol #3 with codeine and generic equivalents.
Is Tylenol 3 a Narcotic?
Due to the properties of codeine, Tylenol 3 is considered a narcotic substance. Unlike acetaminophen, which is a non-opiate analgesic, codeine is an opioid pain reliever. It works by acting on receptors in the brain. This changes how the body processes and reacts to pain.
Though it is often successful in treating pain, using Tylenol 3 can lead to addiction, much like other opioids. Stopping this medication may also cause withdrawal symptoms similar to those from narcotic substances such as hydrocodone and oxycodone.
While some people still mistakenly refer to all drugs as “narcotics,” the current term “narcotic” solely refers to opium derivatives and their semi-synthetic substitutes. The confusion between the terms arguably comes from the origin of the word “narcotic,” which comes from the Greek word for “stupor,” and was initially used to describe all substances that dampened senses and acted as pain relievers.
Tylenol 3 is not available as an over-the-counter pain medication. It is only available as a prescription drug across the United States and in most areas of the world.
What are the Side Effects of Tylenol with Codeine #3?
Tylenol 3 carries similar risks of side effects and allergic reactions as other opioid pain relievers, especially in high doses. Possible common side effects of taking this medication include:
- Loss of appetite
- Shallow breathing
- Elevated heart rate
- Muscle aches
- Constipation and stomach pain
- Dark urine
- Rash, hives, or yellowing skin
- Localized swelling of the hands or feet
- Nervous system damage
- Difficulty breathing or swallowing
- Liver damage
- Irregular menstruation
- Decreased sexual desire
Dangers and Interactions
When used correctly and under the medical advice of a healthcare provider, Tylenol 3 can be an effective option for reducing mild to moderately severe pain. However, in addition to the risks of taking this medication alone, there are dangers that come with drug interactions.
Taking Tylenol 3 with any of the following medications is not recommended:
- Methylene Blue
Taking Tylenol 3 is also not recommended while consuming these substances:
Additionally, patients with the following conditions should use Tylenol 3 with caution as they have an increased risk of experiencing more serious side effects:
- History of alcohol abuse
- History of drug abuse or physical dependence
- Previous head injury
- Breathing problems
- Sleep apnea
- Enlarged prostate
- Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid)
- Problems with passing urine
- Older adults with a weakened physical condition
Patients with kidney disease or liver disease should also use Tylenol 3 with extra caution as the effects may be increased due to slower metabolic processing of the medication.
Treatment Options for Opioid Abuse & Addiction
There are several options for people suffering from opioid addiction. These include:
- Medication-Assisted Therapy (MAT) — There are three medications approved to treat opioid use disorder: buprenorphine, methadone, and naltrexone. Buprenorphine and methadone can help you manage withdrawal symptoms throughout the detoxification process. Naltrexone is less commonly used, but it blocks your opioid receptors, making it impossible to get high. Medication-assisted therapy is most effective when combined with other forms of treatment.
- Inpatient Programs — Inpatient programs are the most intensive and effective treatment options for opioid addiction. These programs guide you through medically supervised detoxification, then behavioral therapy and other services (possibly including MAT), will be added to your treatment. They typically last 30, 60, or 90 days, however they may be longer if necessary.
- Partial Hospitalization Programs (PHPs) — PHPs are also known as intensive outpatient programs (IOPs). They are the next most intensive type of treatment for opioid addiction. They provide similar services to inpatient programs such as detoxification, behavioral therapy medical services, and custom treatments such as MAT. The difference is that in a PHP, the patient returns home to sleep. Some programs will include transportation and meals, but this varies by program. Partial hospitalization programs are helpful for both new patients and patients who have completed inpatient treatment and still need intensive recovery therapy.
- Outpatient Programs — Outpatient programs work best for people who have a high level of motivation to recover. They create treatment programs that work around your schedule. These programs can either be an effective treatment option for new patients or a part of an aftercare program for people who complete inpatient or partial hospitalization program.